The technological development in our world today has been affecting all our lives, and it has become rooted in the agriculture industry. The vertical farming market has been increasingly growing over the past few years. Worldwide nutrition experts and health organizations recognize the importance of this ecosystem. Further information will be provided below.
What do we mean by Vertical Farming?
We can define vertical farming as an evolving agricultural system. Growing plants in a controlled environment inside a closed facility. By saying controlled environment, we mention several elements such as water, lighting and nutrients. We also replace the natural factors and ingredients with more specific items that are supervised carefully. Vertical farming has been excessively growing through the past years due to the massive changes our world is witnessing. The traditional farming methods are being slowly replaced by the advanced agricultural arrangements. Despite the important role of classic farming, its downside is pushing researchers and scientist to develop better agricultural systems.
Traditional Farming is No Longer Efficient?
_Through the recent decades, the worldwide population has been increasing. The food production industry is facing difficulties in competing with the rising number of demands, facing a huge dilemma. Farming has always been an essential tool of living. Yet, the traditional methods can no longer keep up with the flow.
Natural disasters such as fires, tornados, volcanos and floods are taken over large agricultural areas. Drought is globally considered as a first-class threat, with the climate change and global warming ringing the alarm bell. About 55 million people are affected by the drought every year, and this is only the result of one natural crises.
2.Natural Energy Resources
Furthermore, water, sun and soil are natural energy resources that can wrongly affect the nutrient. both, the freezing and hot weather do not help the plant grow, on the opposite, it kills her. Same goes with water, providing plants with the wrong amount of water will eventually lead to the same result.
Adding to that, with the seasonal changing we become unable to provide specific fruits and vegetables. Traditional farming is unpredictable and uncontrollable; therefore, Vertical Farming has been developed to correspond to our special style of living.
Vertical Farming's features.
Unlike traditional farming, Vertical farming does not require large agricultural areas. One of the most important features of VF is that it does not get affected by the areas’ size. In fact, it takes advantage of the abandoned buildings and transforms them into agricultural facilities. Underground areas are also utilized effectively, despite their size, they all contribute as an upper hand for vertical farming.
What about Transportation?
_food transportation is considered an obstacle because it affects the food’s quality, and it is a time-consuming step. In traditional farming, moving food from rural agriculture usually ends with a large amount of dirty and rotten food. With vertical Farming, there is no need for transportation. As we have already mentioned above, buildings and underground areas will be used as agricultural facilities. Therefore, we will not only have more food, but it will also be placed right around us.
Replacing Natural Resources:
_Agricultural industry has been relying on natural resources, until the day has come to change that. With Vertical Farming, all natural resources are replaced with renewable energy. Researchers are developing the ideal type of lighting; experiences have been showing that LED lighting is the best so far. Different colors and levels of LED lighting effects the plant’s growing process and especially the food’s flavor. This has been one of the most likable features of the VF system, with complete Control and supervision.
In vertical farming, the soil is not the only source of nutrition for the plant. Sand, gravel, and other nutrition-rich liquids provide plants with the necessary ingredients to grow and flourish. Hydroponics is one reliable type of Vertical Farming that uses other alternatives such as those that we have already mentioned above. This technique does not only provide the plant with its necessary nutrition. But also helps in saving water as an endangered natural resource.
There are other advantages of Vertical Farming, such as providing seasonal food all year around. Some vegetables and fruits can only be farmed for a couple of months a year. With VF, we can have all types of foods for the whole year. Not only countless various types of vegetables and fruits but also with the best quality. Vertical Farming facilities are controlled and supervised eco-systematic environments, which guarantee the best results in quality and quantity.
Acknowledging the importance of vertical farming does not eliminate traditional farming. Just like any other system, VF has its own limitations, such as the high overall cost. Plus, only a few verities of foods can be produced through this enclosed environment. With the never-ending advancing technology, we can reach an ideal ecosystem with vertical farming. Within this system, we aim for a better future with safer agricultural resources.